El reportaje en mi formación

El reportaje en mi formación

María Alejandra López

Realizar un reportaje hasta el momento ha sido enriquecedor, divertido y desafiante, con esas tres palabras vienen a mi muchos momentos por lo que pase en la realización de los reportajes y me da cierta felicidad porque se hacer algo que es productivo y me proporciona satisfacción, preocupación porque aún falta el reportaje culminante y nostalgia pues ya se acaba Taller de Medios Impresos.

A pesar de eso me llevo conmigo muchas experiencias que solamente son una muestra de lo que vendrá más delante en el campo laboral. Lo más difícil de realizar en un reportaje es sin dunda reportear, se necesita mucho tacto y muchas otras habilidades, saber ganarse a la gente por ejemplo y llevar una línea que no permita desviarte de tu tema, tener en mente siempre la noticia. Para mí es como si se prendiera un bombillo cuando el entrevistado está hablando y dice algo noticioso.

Mis compañeros también manifiestan que reportear ha sido lo más duro, recuerdo que un día mi abuelo me dijo “para ser una buena periodista tenes que chancletear bastante” y nunca imagine que fuera así de cierto, ahora lo comprendo. Se me vienen a la mente situaciones en las que estuvieron mis compañeros a la hora de reportear y han sido graciosas, de esas también hemos aprendido.

No puedo describir lo que siento cuando escribo y mucho menos lo que siento cuando veo un trabajo terminado, no se dé cual de mis trabajos estoy más enamorada o cual me ha gustado más de los realizados en los tres talleres.

El reportaje ha sido el género más complicado para mí, es mezclar todos los géneros antes aprendidos, pero darle un toque de humanismo, es tomar una historia en donde hay noticia y con la que el lector se identifique.

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Nuestro docente también expresó que se nos dificulta reportear, que no entendemos que de eso se trata el periodismo, de “buscar la noticia”, menciono algunos pecados que cometemos.

  • Lo fácil
  • El plagio
  • Lo institucional
  • La pobreza intelectual

Generalmente nos vamos por temas fáciles, que están a nuestro alcance, a mí me pasa a veces, pero me alivia que ninguno de nosotros ha cometido plagio y es algo admirable porque así se demuestran las ganas de aprender y de practicar, de irse puliendo personalmente.

Me siento muy agradecida con mi docente, Juan Ramón Huerta, no hay pago alguno para todo lo que he aprendido de él, para lo orgullosa que me hace sentir decir que me imparte clases un periodista genial y que continuamente me destaco en el salón, él ha hecho que yo realmente me sienta periodista, que yo me arriesgue, que yo me rete a mí misma y que me esfuerce cada día para no decepcionar.

Debo confesar que cuando trabajo en un producto, estoy con la presión de que el escrito salga bien, de que me guste a mí, de obtener buenas calificaciones y de no decepcionar al profesor, ya que él se ha comportado como más que un docente, como el padre que nunca tuve, un amigo y un hombre que desea compartir los sabios conocimientos que a el le dieron éxito con nosotros

Estoy muy feliz de haber formado parte de este proyecto piloto, sin duda una excelente idea que aunque al inicio dio miedo, llegó a ser un aprendizaje y una experiencia genial, un proyecto que me hizo crecer y desarrollarme en distintas plataformas y que me exigió más de lo que yo creí podía dar.

Concluyo diciendo que he logrado mis objetivos con la clase, que me propongo dejar el miedo a la hora de reportear y leer más para mejorar, expresándoles que estos talleres han sido lo mejor de estos dos años de carrera, que son los que han hecho que no renuncié al oficio y manifestando mi deseo por que las siguientes generaciones aprovechen a este excelente docente que tiene mucho que dar, que trabajen con el formato de ciberperiodismo, pues considero es lo único que te lleva a ser un periodista completo y que aprovechen el sitio web Aitá en la red.

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Algunos aspectos abordados en la clase

Uno de los aspectos nuevos que abordamos es el diseño de los medios impresos, pues ya habíamos visto antes el de las páginas web y entendimos lo importante que es la caja tipográfica, para venderle al lector los elementos de nuestro diario.

En sesiones siguientes, se abordaron, los tipos de circulación: local, nacional e internacional. Con esto aterrizamos, pues Aitá en la red es un sitio internacional lo que implica que lo puede leer todo tipo de personas y que se debe tener más cuidado cuando publicamos un trabajo periodístico.

Algo que no podemos obviar de un medio, son “las personas” escribimos para que alguien nos lea, por lo tanto lo más importante es el lector, de que nos sirve publicar si nadie va a leernos y aquí hago espacio para citar al libro “Los Géneros Ciberperiodísticos: un aproximación teórica a los cibertextos, sus elementos y su topología” de Javier David Noci, en el que se explica que hay que fijarnos en las “Dimensiones externas de los cibertextos” y entre estos está el receptor y la teoría de la recepción.

Los cibermedios

Los cibermedios se pueden clasificar en función del objetivo o finalidad que persiguen (Alonso y Martínez, 2003); esto quiere decir al público en que van dirigidos

Criterios profesionales, estructurales, redaccionales y éticas de la actividad periodística: por el aprovechamiento de las posibilidades que ofrece l ciberperiodismo (López, García y Pereira, 2002)

Los cibermedios están para escritos profesionales de provecho para el lector, solo así se estaría aprovechando lo que he mencionado en el párrafo anterior. “Las ligerezas que queden en las redes sociales, lo ético y lo profesional es lo que vamos a publicar en los cibermedismo”, Juan Ramón Huerta. Y eso es lo que estamos haciendo con Aitá en la Red.

Ahora todos podemos ser periodistas o comunicadores sociales, a través del internet, las redes sociales, los blogs, pero el verdadero periodista se debe diferenciar por su profesionalismo, por su excelencia y sus trabajos con verdadero valor.

Pues a como explica Sergio Ramírez cuando se dirige al ciberperiosdismo: “Como se ve, vivimos en nuevos tiempos. Un celular en poder de un ciudadano común, que puede tomar fotos y filmar. Se convierte en una formidable arma de la verdad, y puede derribar las mentiras oficiales. Y esto me convence de que periodistas hoy en día, podemos ser todos…”

Lo que nos lleva a tener cuidado en nuestros sitios web y blogs, ya que ahora el lector puede retroalimentar y ningún error será pasado por alto, lo aseguro, ya pasa en Aitá, aunque todavía somos nosotros quienes juzgamos a los demás compañeros que publican, sin embargo nos puede pasar cuando laboremos para algún medio y lo de ahora puede ser una practica para poner más atención a lo que escribimos y revisar mejor antes de publicar.

 

Características diferenciales respecto a otros contenidos en la red

  • Primacia del contenido propiamente periodístico.
  • Sujeccion a la actualidad en su temática
  • Empleo de criterios periodisticos y profesionales en la generación de contenidos (López García 2015)

A mi parecer, un escrito que no contenga esto, puede ser un escrito de cualquier persona, menos de un periodista, pues si no lleva estas características de contenido, no lleva noticia y si no lleva noticia, simplemente no es un escrito periodístico.

 

Cibermedios generalistas y especializados

Cibermedios generalistas y especializados, cibermedios con finalidad informativa o noticiosa; con finalidad comunicativa o relacional, con finalidad de servicios y cibermedios con finalidad de infomediación o indeterminación. Los dividimos de este modo

  • Géneros interpretativos: Reportaje (de actualidad, especial, temático, dossier documental) Crónica
  • Géneros dialógicos: Entrevista, foro o debate, chat (entrevista en línea, interacción con personalidades, interacción entre usuarios) Encuesta
  • Géneros de opinión: Tradicionales; editorial, comentario, crítica, cortas al director, articulo, columna, viñetas, debates, foro, chat.
  • Infografía digital: Infografías: individuales, colectivas

Creo que Aita en la red, tiene de todo y si no lo tiene es porque el tiempo ha sido corto, pues estoy segura que cualquiera de mis compañeros, puede desarrollar los géneros antes mencionados y espero que los nuevos estudiantes que vayan a utilizarlo, le den vida al sitio y se emocionen igual que nosotros cuando vemos escritos de nuestros demás compañeros publicados.

 

 

 

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